Leadership Effectiveness of Zonal Extension Officers by Extension Agents in Kwara State Agricultural Development Programme, Nigeria

Main Article Content

O. L. Abdulrahman
I. F. Ayanda
N. B. Nofiu
E. E. Udoma
O. G. Bello


In the structure of the Kwara Agricultural Development Programme, the position of Zonal Extension Officers (ZEO) is vital and central to the execution of the extension programmes which are implemented through the frontline Extension Agents. The study examined the leadership effectiveness of the Zonal Extension Officers (ZEOs) in Kwara State Agricultural Development Programme, factors that hindered the leadership effectiveness of ZEOs and the demographic characteristics of ZEOs and Extension Agents (EAs) in Kwara State Agricultural Development Programme. One hundred and thirty (130) EAs and four (4) ZEOs were purposively selected for the study. Primary data were collected with a structured questionnaire and analysed with descriptive statistics while the hypotheses were tested with Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Chi-Square Statistics. Results of the study revealed that 94.6% of the EAs and all four ZEOs acquired tertiary education. The EAs and the ZEOs had an average of 8.01 and 5 years of field experience respectively. Furthermore, 59.2%, 58.5% and 50% of ZEOs were effective only in clarifying the organization’s goals, ineffective in staff motivation and communication respectively.   There was a significant relationship between level of education (χ2 = 47.53, p=<0.05), years of experience (r=0.27, p=<0.05) of EAs and perceived leadership effectiveness of ZEOs. Based on the empirical evidence, the ZEOs need to improve their job performances. Extension personnel should acquire tertiary education with cognate field experience before they could function as ZEOs for optimum effectiveness.

Article Details

How to Cite
Abdulrahman, O. L., Ayanda, I. F., Nofiu, N. B., Udoma, E. E., & Bello, O. G. (2022). Leadership Effectiveness of Zonal Extension Officers by Extension Agents in Kwara State Agricultural Development Programme, Nigeria. BADEGGI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND ENVIRONMENT, 4(3), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.35849/BJARE202203/65/001
Manuscript Submission


Adebayo S. A; Amolegbe A. O; Olorunfemi O. D. and Obebe, S. (2020). Information and Communication Technology Usage among Extension Workers in Kwara State, Nigeria : International Journal of Information Processing and Communication (IJIPC)

Adesiji G.B., Komolafe S.E., Ifabiyi J.O., Ajibola B.O. and Animashaun J.O. (2015). The Perception of Agricultural Extension Agents on Job Motivation in Kwara State Nigeria: Agrosearch http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/agrosh.v15i1.

Ekoja II (2004). Personal variables affecting adoption of agricultural innovations by Nigerian farmers. South Africa Journal of Agricultural Extension.

Jamagani, Z. B. (2013). Relationship Between Problems And Needs of Extension Workers: A Case Study of Maigana And Samaru Zones of Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project, Nigeria : Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science

Kwara ADP. (2014). Annual Report, Kwara ADP, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.

Ogunbameru, B.O. (2011). Characteristics of effective leadership and desirable leadership characteristics. Practical Agricultural Administration. Published by kuntel house.

Omotesho, K. F., Ogunlade, I. O. and Muhammad Lawal (2012): “Assessment of Access to Information and Communication Technology among Agricultural Extension Officers in Kwara State, Nigeria”, Asian Journal Agriculture and Rural Development.

Philip Antwi-Agyei., Lindsay C. Stringer. (2021). Improving the effectiveness of agricultural extension services in supporting farmers to adapt to climate change: Insights from Northeastern Ghana: ScienceDirect https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2021.100304

Sharada, W. and J. Knight (2000). Adoption and Diffusion of Agricultural Innovations in Ethiopia, The role of Education for the Study of Africa. (Oxford: Centre for the Study of African Economies)

Tsado, J.H. (2004). Women’s Involvement in Farming Activities and Household Food Security in Dako Local Government Area of Niger State: LAP LAMBERT ACADEMIC Publishing

Zamani, G. H. and Karami, E. (2006). Rural Leadership and Sustainable Agriculture: Criteria for Recruiting Leaders; WFL Publisher Science and Technology

Rural leadership and sustainable agriculture: Criteria for recruiting leaders.